Skip to main content

Your browser is out of date, and unable to use many of the features of this website

Please upgrade your browser.


This website requires cookies. Your browser currently has cookies disabled.

Business impact target

About the BIT

The government introduced a business impact target (BIT) in 2015 with the aim of reducing the burden of regulation on business.

The Business Secretary sets and reports on performance against a target for this over the life of each Parliament.

In 2016, the scope of the BIT was extended to include the actions of statutory regulators, including The Pensions Regulator (TPR). This means that the actions we take that have an impact on business will count towards the BIT.

The specific actions within scope are defined as ‘regulatory provisions’. They are divided into 'qualifying regulatory provisions’ (QRPs) and 'non-qualifying regulatory provisions’ (NQRPs).

All QRPs must be impact assessed. That assessment must then be verified by the Regulatory Policy Committee (RPC). The RPC has been appointed as the independent verification body for the BIT. It has statutory responsibility for rating the quality of evidence and analysis used to determine the impact of each QRP. This is to ensure that regulatory decisions are made on the basis of robust, evidence-based policy making. The RPC does not comment on the policy merits of proposals.

NQRPs do not have to be risk assessed but should be described briefly in the form of a summary.

Information about QRPs and NQRPs must be provided to cover a reporting period.

Under the last Parliament, the BIT reporting period ran from 8 May 2015 to 8 June 2017.

Under the current Parliament, the first reporting period ran from 9 June 2017 to 8 June 2018 and the second period 21 June 2018 to 20 June 2019.

BIT verification

Our general approach will be to submit QRP assessments to the RPC for verification before the change itself has been implemented.

BIT template

The Better Regulation Executive has provided regulators with a template to use in order to present their assessments. We intend to use this template for all our assessments.

Approach to submission of QRP assessments to RPC

To ensure effective use of resources both for us and the RPC, our general approach to submitting QRP assessments will be as follows:

  • Large QRP assessments (where the impact is expected to be material) and assessments in respect of any proposals on which we are publicly consulting will be submitted as soon as they are ready.
  • We will group related assessments by theme and send them together, aggregating them into one assessment where possible.
  • We will bundle small but unrelated QRP assessments and submit them quarterly. Quarterly periods will begin from the first working day of April, July, October and January.

Publication of verified assessments

We will publish large assessments as soon as possible after receiving RPC verification. If we are consulting, we will aim to include the verified assessment as part of our consultation response. Small QRP assessments that are submitted quarterly will be published quarterly once verified.

Submission close to the end of a reporting period

If a QRP is expected to come into force during the reporting period we will try to submit the assessment at least eight weeks before the end of that period. If it appears unlikely that we will meet this deadline, we will liaise with the RPC and agree with them whether it would be more appropriate to submit it in the following reporting period.

If a QRP is not expected to come into force until the next reporting period, we will try to avoid submitting the assessment during the final eight weeks of the current reporting period.

NQRP summary

We intend to provide the RPC with our final draft annual NQRP summary as early as possible so they can provide timely advice on its completeness before publication.


We will keep the RPC informed of any changes to these plans.

QRP assessments and assurance of NQRP summaries for previous periods

Qualifying Regulatory Provisions for the period 21 June 2018 to 20 June 2019

Title of measure Description of measure BIT score (£ millions)
Annual Funding Statement 2019

Sets out our view on topical issues such as current market conditions and Brexit, repeats and clarifies our views on market good practice such as long-term funding targets and risk management, and reiterates our approach to certain aspects of scheme funding casework. This year it also sets out an expectation that, under certain conditions, where schemes have ‘strong’ or ‘tending to strong’ sponsors we would expect trustees to reduce the length of their recovery plans to under seven years or consider other ways of mitigating scheme risks. The effect of reducing recovery plan length is to increase the available funding to pension schemes in the shorter term and reduce risks to members and the Pension Protection Fund. Our assessment of the equivalent annual net cost to business is currently under RPC verification.

Under RPC verification

Qualifying Regulatory Provisions for the period 8 May 2015 to 8 June 2017

Title of measure  Description of measure  BIT score (£ millions) 
Simplified automatic enrolment (AE) communications and provision of improved AE guidance This measure simplified the language of the communications that TPR sends to all employers ahead of the date they become subject to the automatic enrolment legislation. The measure also simplifies the guidance content on TPR website and introduces a 'duties checker' tool that allows an employer to find out when they will become subject to the duties and what they need to do to comply.
-£158 million 
Investment guidance
This guidance aims to support the trustee boards of private sector defined benefit or ‘hybrid benefits’ pension schemes. It sets out the main principles they should consider when setting out an investment strategy. The guidance also sets out TPR’s expectation that trustees suitably document investment arrangements that are appropriate for their scheme’s circumstances, including their level of complexity.
£0 million 
Defined contribution code of practice
This measure updates the code of practice for trustee boards of occupational defined contribution pension schemes.
Scheme return changes
Trustees of occupational schemes are required to periodically submit a return to TPR. The information in the return is used to identify schemes which may present a potential risk to members' benefits. It is also used to ensure TPR's information is accurate and to calculate levies due from the scheme. This measure introduced some changes to the questions in the return as a consequence of changes to legislation and the pension landscape.
£0 million
Changes to information that needs to be sent to TPR about AE
Employers are required to submit a declaration of compliance to TPR. TPR is considering communicating its expectation to employers and their advisers that in certain circumstances they do not need to provide the statutory information about how they have complied with their automatic enrolment duties until TPR asks them for it.
£0 million
Simplifying AE for new employers created between 2 April 2017 and 30 September 2017
Under the automatic enrolment legislation all employers have a date when their automatic enrolment duties start. This is called the staging date. New employers created in this period may fall within the staging period set out in the legislation and be allocated a staging date. Or some new employers created in this period may have their automatic enrolment duties start immediately when they become an employer. Which one it is depends upon a combination of different circumstances. For simplicity, TPR is considering treating all employers created in this period as if they have one of two staging dates only. All communications from TPR and enforcement will reflect the staging date assigned to the employer.  £0 million